China will be the third nation to bring moon samples to Earth after the United States and Russia

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China will be the third nation to bring moon samples to Earth after the United States and Russia
China will be the third nation to bring moon samples to Earth after the United States and Russia

China will bring samples from an unexplored area of ​​the moonas guaranteed Peng Jing, deputy chief designer of the Chang’e 5 probe at the Academy of Space Technology in China.

It is expected to bring at least one kilogram of samples.

Chang’e 5

China Chang’e 5’s next lunar mission will land in an area never reached by astronauts or spaceships. Especially in the northwestern part of the Oceanus Procellarum, a large lunar plain on the western edge of the near side of the moon.

Lunar rock
Lunar rock

The probe of 8.2 tons It consists of four components: orbiter, landing module, ascent and re-entry module. With a drill he collects underground stones and with a mechanical arm he collects the moon floor.

Once surface operations have been performed, the ascending rocket lifts it into lunar orbit to connect it to the reentry module. It transfers moon samples to the module that brings them back to Earth. As he explains Peng Jing:

THE AMOUNT OF SAMPLES WILL BRING BACK DEPENDS ON MANY FACTORS, SUCH AS THE GEOLOGY OF THE LANDING SITE. WE HOPE CAN COLLECT AT LEAST ONE KILO, AND IF ALL GOES WELL, WE CAN BRING 2 OR EVEN MORE. THE SAMPLES WILL BE DISTRIBUTED TO SCIENTISTS FOR RESEARCH ON TOPICS INCLUDING THE PHYSICAL COMPOSITION OF THE MOON, GEOLOGICAL FEATURES AND SHALLOW STRUCTURES, WHICH WILL CONSEQUENTLY HELP TO UNDERSTAND THE EVOLUTION OF THE MOON.

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